Voting on Annexations:
Restoring fairness to ORS 195 annexations
As we keep saying, it's all about citizen
In the 1993 session, Oregon's legislature passed Senate Bill 122, which
was later codified in ORS 195. A key purpose of this law was to provide a
mechanism by which cities could annex some, most or all of their urban
growth boundaries (UGBs) in one fell swoop.
Portions of SB 122 were basically sound. A detailed annexation
plan was required. Local government, all special districts, and every
provider of urban services were to take part in developing the plan and
had to agree on the final plan. Public hearings, with ample notice, were
to be held so that interested citizens could attend and have input into
the process. The timeframe for implementation of the plan was not
limited by the law, and could be any period agreed to by the parties
This would all seem to be sound policy from a planning standpoint - but
all sense of fairness and equity in the ORS-195 process was destroyed by
its final step: a vote of the city residents and those in the area(s)
targeted for annexation to approve or deny the plan. Although
the language is unclear, most cities interpreted it to mean a
The terrible flaw in this provision is obvious: In most cases, the
population of the city dwarfs that in the targeted area(s). THEREFORE,
THOSE MOST IMPACTED BY THE PROPOSED ANNEXATION EFFECTIVELY HAVE LITTLE OR
NO VOICE IN THE FINAL DECISION. The plan, if approved, is therefore a
shotgun wedding -- a Hostile Takeover.
Follow the story of OCVA's efforts to reform ORS 195, starting from its
roots in SB 122 through its reform in 2005 via HB 2484, which
restored the voice of the citizens in ORS 195 annexation elections,
and our subsequent successful 2007 effort to reform ORS 222.750, Oregon’s “Island Annexation” statute.
Download or read "Hostile Takeover",
OCVA's updated history of ORS 195 and its reform. (PDF, 106KB)
And now there's a sequel to "Hostile Takeover":
Download or read "Islands In The Storm",
The history of OCVA’s involvement in the successful effort to reform ORS 222.750, Oregon’s “Island Annexation” statute.
The effort to reform island annexation is a critical part of OCVA’s ongoing campaign to make all
of Oregon’s annexation statutes fair and democratic, where those most impacted have a
meaningful voice in these decisions.
This page last modified on 2013-02-21 14:34.